How to Install Docker on Ubuntu 20.04

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Docker is an open-source containerization platform that allows you to quickly build, test, and deploy applications as portable containers that can run virtually anywhere. A container represents a runtime for a single application and includes everything the software needs to run.

Docker is an integral part of modern software development and DevOps continuous integration and deployment pipelines.

This tutorial covers how to install Docker on an Ubuntu 20.04 machine.

Docker is available for installation from the standard Ubuntu 20.04 repositories, but it may not always be the latest version. We’ll install the latest Docker package from the official Docker’s repositories.

Installing Docker on Ubuntu 20.04

Installing Docker on Ubuntu is fairly straightforward. We’ll enable the Docker repository, import the repository GPG key, and install the package.

First, update the packages index and install the dependencies necessary to add a new HTTPS repository :

sudo apt updatesudo apt install apt-transport-https ca-certificates curl gnupg-agent software-properties-common

Import the repository’s GPG key using the following curl command:

curl -fsSL https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu/gpg | sudo apt-key add -

Add the Docker APT repository to your system:

sudo add-apt-repository "deb [arch=amd64] https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu $(lsb_release -cs) stable"

Now that the Docker repository is enabled, you can install any Docker version that is available in the repositories.

  1. To install the latest version of Docker, run the commands below. If you want to install a specific Docker version, skip this step and go to the next one.

    sudo apt updatesudo apt install docker-ce docker-ce-cli containerd.io
  2. To install a specific version, first list all the available versions in the Docker repository:

    sudo apt updateapt list -a docker-ce

    The available Docker versions are printed in the second column. At the time of writing this article, there is only one Docker version (5:19.03.9~3-0~ubuntu-focal) available in the official Docker repositories.

    docker-ce/focal 5:19.03.9~3-0~ubuntu-focal amd64

    Install a specific version by adding =<VERSION> after the package name:

    sudo apt install docker-ce=<VERSION> docker-ce-cli=<VERSION> containerd.io

Once the installation is completed, the Docker service will start automatically. You can verify it by typing:

sudo systemctl status docker

The output will look something like this:

● docker.service - Docker Application Container Engine
     Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/docker.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
     Active: active (running) since Thu 2020-05-21 14:47:34 UTC; 42s ago
...

When a new version of Docker is released, you can update the packages using the standard sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade procedure.

If you want to prevent the Docker package from being updated, mark it as held back:

sudo apt-mark hold docker-ce

Executing Docker Commands as a Non-Root User

By default, only root and user with sudo privileges can execute Docker commands.

To execute Docker commands as non-root user you’ll need to add your user to the docker group that is created during the installation of the Docker CE package. To do that, type in:

sudo usermod -aG docker $USER

$USER is an environment variable that holds your username.

Log out and log back in so that the group membership is refreshed.

Verifying the Installation

To verify that Docker has been successfully installed and that you can execute the docker command without prepending sudo , we’ll run a test container:

docker container run hello-world

The command will download the test image, if not found locally, run it in a container, print a “Hello from Docker” message, and exit. The output should look like the following:

The container will stop after printing the message because it does not have a long-running process.

By default, Docker pulls images from the Docker Hub. It is a cloud-based registry service which among other functionalities, stores the Docker images in public or private repositories.

Uninstalling Docker

Before uninstalling Docker it is a good idea to remove all containers, images, volumes, and networks .

Run the following commands to stop all running containers and remove all docker objects:

docker container stop $(docker container ls -aq)docker system prune -a --volumes

You can now uninstall Docker as any other package installed with apt:

sudo apt purge docker-cesudo apt autoremove

Conclusion

We’ve shown you how to install Docker on Ubuntu 20.04 machine. To learn more about Docker, check out the official Docker documentation .

If you have any questions, please leave a comment below.