who Command in Linux
3 min read
In this article, we explain the
who command that is bundled in GNU coreutils package.
who is a command-line utility that prints a list of currently logged in users. It can also show the current run level, time of the last system boot, and more.
How to Use the
The basic syntax for the
who command is as follows:
who [OPTION]... [ FILE | ARG1 ARG2 ]
When invoked without any option or argument, the output looks something like this:
root pts/0 2020-11-17 20:10 (10.10.0.2) linuxize pts/1 2020-11-17 20:11 (10.10.0.8)
who will output a formatted list of all users that are currently logged on the system.
Each line contains four fields separated by one or more spaces:
- The name of the logged user.
- The user’s terminal.
- The time when the user logged in.
- The hostname or IP address from where the user is logged in. To force Ips, use the
If you want to print the column headings, add the
NAME LINE TIME COMMENT root pts/0 2020-11-17 20:10 (10.10.0.2) linuxize pts/1 2020-11-17 20:11 (10.10.0.8)
The command pulls information about the system and who is logged in from the
/var/run/utmp file. If you want to use another file, pass the file path to the command.
who accepts two non-option arguments. When invoked with two arguments the command prints information only about the terminal associated with the current user. The same output is displayed when the
-m option is used.
You can use any two arguments:
who am i
who mom love
who foo bar
Each of the commands above will print the same information:
linuxize pts/1 2020-11-17 20:11 (10.10.0.8)
who Command Options
who accepts several options that generally are rarely used.
--boot option tells
who to print the time of last system boot:
system boot 2020-07-20 19:02
To get a list of all the dead processes use the
--runlevel option, tells
who to show the current runlevel:
run-level 5 2020-07-20 19:02
To get only the user names and the number of currently logged in users, use the
root linuxize # users=2
--all option forces
who to print all information:
system boot 2020-07-20 19:02 LOGIN tty1 2020-07-20 19:02 673 id=tty1 run-level 5 2020-07-20 19:02 root - pts/0 2020-11-17 20:10 . 2212314 (22.214.171.124) pts/2 2020-10-10 10:19 1363538 id=ts/2 term=0 exit=0 linuxize + pts/1 2020-11-17 20:11 01:46 2212387 (126.96.36.199)
who command prints a list of all currently logged in users.
To get additional information about the users who are currently logged in, check the
If you have any questions, please leave a comment below.