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How To Install Nginx on CentOS 7
engine x is a free, open-source, high-performance HTTP and reverse proxy server responsible for handling the load of some of the largest sites on the Internet.
Nginx can be used as a standalone web server, and as a reverse proxy for Apache and other web servers.
Compared to Apache, Nginx can handle a much large number of concurrent connections and has a smaller memory footprint per connection.
This tutorial will teach you how to install and manage Nginx on your CentOS 7 machine.
Before starting with the tutorial, make sure you are logged in as a user with sudo privileges and you don’t have Apache or any other service running on port 80 or 443.
Installing Nginx on CentOS
Follow the steps below to install Nginx on your CentOS server:
Nginx packages are available in the EPEL repositories. If you don’t have EPEL repository already installed you can do it by typing:
sudo yum install epel-release
Install Nginx by typing the following yum command:
sudo yum install nginx
If this is the first time you are installing a package from the EPEL repository yum may prompt you to import the EPEL GPG key:
Retrieving key from file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-EPEL-7 Importing GPG key 0x352C64E5: Userid : "Fedora EPEL (7) <[email protected]>" Fingerprint: 91e9 7d7c 4a5e 96f1 7f3e 888f 6a2f aea2 352c 64e5 Package : epel-release-7-9.noarch (@extras) From : /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-EPEL-7 Is this ok [y/N]:
If that’s the case, type
Once the installation is complete, enable and start the Nginx service with:
sudo systemctl enable nginx sudo systemctl start nginx
Check the status of the Nginx service, with following command:
sudo systemctl status nginx
The output should look something like this:
● nginx.service - The nginx HTTP and reverse proxy server Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/nginx.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled) Active: active (running) since Mon 2018-03-12 16:12:48 UTC; 2s ago Process: 1677 ExecStart=/usr/sbin/nginx (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS) Process: 1675 ExecStartPre=/usr/sbin/nginx -t (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS) Process: 1673 ExecStartPre=/usr/bin/rm -f /run/nginx.pid (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS) Main PID: 1680 (nginx) CGroup: /system.slice/nginx.service ├─1680 nginx: master process /usr/sbin/nginx └─1681 nginx: worker process
If your server is protected by a firewall you need to open both HTTP (
80) and HTTPS (
Use the following commands to open the necessary ports:
sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=http sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=https sudo firewall-cmd --reload
To verify your Nginx installation, open
http://YOUR_IPin your browser of choice, and you should see the default Nginx welcome page as shown in the image below:
Manage the Nginx service with systemctl
You can manage the Nginx service in the same way as any other systemd unit.
To stop the Nginx service, run:
sudo systemctl stop nginx
To start it again, type:
sudo systemctl start nginx
To restart the Nginx service:
sudo systemctl restart nginx
Reload the Nginx service after you have made some configuration changes:
sudo systemctl reload nginx
If you want to disable the Nginx service to start at boot:
sudo systemctl disable nginx
And to re-enable it again:
sudo systemctl enable nginx
Nginx Configuration File’s Structure and Best Practices
- All Nginx configuration files are located in the
- The main Nginx configuration file is
- To make Nginx configuration easier to maintain it is recommended to create a separate configuration file for each domain.
- New Nginx server block files must end with
.confand be stored in
/etc/nginx/conf.ddirectory. You can have as many server blocks as you need.
- It is a good idea to follow a standard naming convention, for example if your domain name is
mydomain.comthen your configuration file should be named
- If you use repeatable configuration segments in your domains server blocks then it is a good idea to create a directory named
/etc/nginx/snippetsrefactoring those segments into snippets and include the snippet file to the server blocks.
- Nginx log files (
error.log) are located in the
/var/log/nginx/directory. It is recommended to have a different
errorlog files for each server block.
- You can set your domain document root directory to any location you want. The most common locations for webroot include:
Congratulations, you have successfully installed Nginx on your CentOS 7 server. You’re now ready to start deploying your applications and use Nginx as a web or proxy server. If you intend to host multiple domains on your CentOS server, you should learn how to create Nginx server blocks.
A secure certificate is a ‘must-have’ feature for all websites nowadays, to secure your website with a free Let’s Encrypt SSL certificate, you can check out this tutorial on how to Secure Nginx with Let’s Encrypt on CentOS 7.